Multisectoral Ocular Visit in Surigao del Sur
August 24, 2016
11 Lumad communities in the municipalities of Lianga and San Agustin in Surigao del Sur were visited
on August 24 by representatives of different government agencies from the Surigao del Sur local
government unit, Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Department of Education
(DepEd), Department of Health (DOH/PHO), National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP),
members of civil society organizations, church people, educators, human rights groups and
representatives of local Lumad organizations MAPASU, TRIFPSS and ALCADEV. A total of 268
participants took part in the ocular visit to these areas.
1. Military camps and presence of soldiers were documented in the middle of Km. 9 and in the
ALCADEV school grounds in Sitio Han-ayan, Brgy. Diatagon, Lianga, the site of the
September 1 Lianga massacre.
a. The soldiers refused to be interviewed by the ocular teams, despite the presence of LGU and
other government representatives.
b. These military camps have been previously documented in the October 26 – 30, 2015
International Fact Finding Mission (IFFM).
c. No military presence has been documented in the 9 other Lumad communities that were
visited during the ocular visit (Panukmoan, Manluy-a, Km. 15, Emerald, Km. 14, Km. 16,
Mike, Kabulohan and Yadawan).
d. Since the 2015 IFFM, additional military structure observed during the ocular visit in Hanayan
was the new checkpoint installed along the main road beside the Pamana water tub.
e. Bullet slugs were found in several locations within Emerald (8 pcs), Km 9 (1 pc), Km 16 (9
pcs) and Han-ayan (10 pcs). Holes from bullet shots were also found in Dionel Campos’
house and Alcadev mini-gym in Han-ayan. These were not present during the 2015 IFFM.
f. Houses situated close to where the military encamped were among the worst damaged and
looted as observed during the ocular visit.
2. All of the houses have been damaged:
a. Ten houses were found burned during the IFFM wherein two (2) of these houses located in
the community of Panukmoan and one (1) house in Kabulohan were confirmed on this
b. Most of the houses have been ransacked more than once, even those that were left locked by
c. Eight (8) kitchens in three communities (Manluy-a, Simowao, Km. 16, all in Brgy.
Diatagon, Lianga) have been newly used, the utensils left unwashed, wood and ash still on
the dirty kitchen.
Houses and schools including those that were under construction or newly constructed at the
time of the evacuation were dismantled, wood, nails, GI sheets, pipes, water hose and even
toilet bowls taken and strewn around, used as firewood or taken for unknown purpose.
d. All households suffered losses of personal belongings, kitchen utensils, farm tools, store
supplies and spare parts of motorcycles, generators and abaca strippers.
e. There were newly vandalized houses, the paint still sticky and partially wet. These were in
addition to those observed and documented during the IFFM.
f. Household gardens and surrounding areas were full of weeds that destroyed the planted
vegetables and herbs.
g. Apart from those deliberately dismantled, most of the houses have been damaged because of
the long period of displacement.
3. Six (6) schools and teachers' cottages were visited by the different teams. All the primary and
ALCADEV school buildings and facilities were structurally damaged, school equipment and
education materials irreparably destroyed.
a. The documented condition of the schools was more damaged to date than the last IFFM in
October 2015, even in the schools where military presence was documented. (Note: Col. 1
Isidro Purisima, 402nd Infantry Brigade has consistently justified military presence in the
communities to secure the houses, schools and other community facilities).
b. School farms and gardens damaged by weeds, decorative hedges in the pathway to the
ALCADEV school buildings were newly burned, estimated to have been done within the
last 2-3 days prior to the ocular visit.
c. New vandalization of school buildings and teachers' cottages were documented during the
d. The kitchen walling in the ALCADEV home economics building was gone, while the
walling in the Panokmoan school was partially burnt. The Kabulohan students' kiosk and
several education materials were totally burnt. These were new indications of burning that
were not observed during the October 2015 IFFM.
e. One man, all in black, was surprised by ocular participants in one of the teachers’ cottage,
who immediately hid upon seeing the members of the team.
4. The water system and electrical connections have been rerouted to the military camp and others
destroyed, some deliberately, some because of the long period of displacement. Several water
pipes and hose cut from its previous installations in the houses and public water tub were found
in the pathway going to the military camp in Km. 9.
5. All the visited farms were overrun by weeds, all farm animals are lost. Some farm machinery
such as abaca stripper machines, corn mill, generator, community multicab and motorcycles
used for transport were deliberately destroyed by filling fuel tanks with paint, salt and other
contaminants and allowed to rust, while several parts were stolen.
1. There is continuing military presence and encampments in the communities and schools in
Simowao/Km. 9 and Han-ayan despite the repeated calls for the return to the main camps of all
military forces to facilitate the return of these communities to their homes. All the other 9
communities that were visited did not have similar presence nor encampments at the time of the
ocular visit. The continuing army presence contradicts the expected back-to-barracks
disposition of military forces following the declaration of ceasefire by both GPH and NDFP
parties covering August 21-27, 2016 which was supposedly in effect during the time of the
2. Structural damages of houses and community facilities would necessitate rehabilitation
assistance to all households and public structures.
3. The damage to farms and agricultural machinery in the visited communities will require
comprehensive rehabilitation and assistance to recover its productive state.
1. Investigate and hold accountable the commanding officer responsible for the continuing
military presence that hinders the safe return of evacuees to their communities.
2. Immediate rehabilitation upon return should be facilitated based on the findings of the on-site
validation that documented the extent of damages and losses, worst on areas where there is
continuing military presence.
3. Immediate assistance for the rehabilitation should be provided to community tribal schools
existing under the alternative learning system regardless of its non-formal status. Likewise,
Lumad children’s Right to Education should be upheld without prejudice to the non-formal
status of its tribal community schools.
4. Investigate and hold accountable the commanding officers responsible for the military presence
that violated the sanctity of the tribe’s sacred ground and school compound. Enshrined in IHL
that schools are recognised as sanctuary and peace-zone, and cultural rights protect sacred
grounds, which were undeniably violated by the AFP.
5. The Whole of Nation Initiative (WNI) projects should not be a forced premise for the
government’s assistance for the rehabilitation and recovery of communities, livelihoods and
schools. The findings of the on-site validation objectively present the extent of damages that
necessitates immediate and unconditional assistance that should be provided to the evacuees
Call to President Rodrigo Duterte
FACILITATE THE IMMEDIATE AND SAFE RETURN OF THE EVACUEES TO THEIR
COMMUNITIES. The evacuees will return to their homes as soon as military troops leave their
communities. 402nd IBde CO Col. Isidro Purisima insists on maintaining military presence despite
the prevailing ceasefire declared by no less than its Commander-in-Chief Pres. Rodrigo Duterte.
FACILITATE THE IMMEDIATE REHABILITATION OF COMMUNITIES, SCHOOLS AND
LIVELIHOODS UPON RETURN OF THE EVACUEES. The ocular inspection validated the extent of
damages and destructions in areas visited, especially in structures and facilities where there is
continuing military presence.
1. Pull-out 75th IBPA troops from Caraga especially from Lumad communities!
2. Arrest the bandit paramilitary criminals responsible for the killings of our community
leader, Datu and educator!
3. Disband and disarm the bandit paramilitaries and arrest its leaders Calpet Egua, Marcos
Bocales and Marcial Belandrez!
4. Relieve and conduct impartial investigation on commanding officers of the AFP
responsible for the September 1, 2015 Lianga Massacre, including Col. Isidro Purisima!
5. Hold BS Aquino accountable for all the destructions and crimes against the Lumad people
and the Filipino people!